AGRICULTURAL AND BIOSYSTEMS ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
SHORT HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT
The Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering was established during the 1982/83 Session as the fourth department in the Faculty of Engineering and Technology (after Civil, Electrical and Mechanical Engineering Departments). The name was changed from Agricultural Engineering to Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering in June 28, 2008 to accommodate current universal trends in the field of Agricultural Engineering. The department emphasizes the major areas of Agricultural Engineering: Power and Machinery Engineering, Soil and Water Engineering, Processing and Storage Engineering. The Structures and Environmental Engineering, Food and Bioprocess Engineering, and Aquacultural Engineering options are also being developed. The Department has continued to make progress in teaching and research. This is manifested in the quality of teaching and publications of the academic members of staff and notable contributions from the technologists and other members of staff.
PHILOSOPHY OF THE PROGRAMME
Agricultural Engineering profession worldwide focuses its attention on six (6) main areas, namely:
- Aquacultural Engineering,
- Processing and Storage Engineering,
- Power and Machinery Engineering,
- Structures and Environment Engineering,
- Food and Bioprocess Engineering,
- Soil and Water Engineering.
The programme in the Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering is aimed at advancing the use of agricultural engineering profession in food and agricultural production to eradicate poverty, enhance food security and promote sustainable world. The goal is to expand the frontier of knowledge and generates practical solutions to the enormous and multi-faceted problems confronting the nation’s industrial, technological, agricultural and rural development activities. The philosophy of the programme therefore is to promote, within the student, the science and art of engineering in agriculture and to build in them capacity for high sense of self-reliance, coupled with sound academic and practical discipline towards the attainment of the national goals and objective of rapid industrialization, food self-sufficiency and technological emancipation
OBJECTIVES OF THE PROGRAMME
The overall purpose of the Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering undergraduate programme is to prepare graduates who will integrate and apply the principles, knowledge and skill of engineering to agricultural, food and biological systems. Compared with the old and existing Agricultural Engineering programme, the new programme has the capacity to solve a wide variety of problems of importance to the society. To achieve that purpose, the primary objectives of the Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering program are to prepare graduates to:
i identify and solve problems at the interface of engineering, agricultural, food and biological systems, using modern engineering and technological approach; and
ii analyze, design and develop, machines, processes, structures, systems and controls that involve significant biological components.
OUTCOMES OF THE PROGRAMME
The Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering undergraduate program is designed in such a way that graduates will be able to:
i apply the knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering to agricultural, food and biological systems.
ii design, plan and carry out scientific and industrial experiments and also analyze and interpret experimental data.
iii design and develop systems, components, structures, machines and processes for production, handling, processing, storage and preservation of agricultural, food and biological materials.
iv identify, formulate and solve scientific and engineering problems using modern engineering and technological knowledge, skills and tools.
The training workshop at the Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering accommodates two main Lecture Rooms. There are other shared Lecture Rooms located in Block 7 and 10 including three main shared Lecture Theaters (ELT, LT III and LTIV).
At the moment there are 7 laboratories, which belong to the department. These include:
Processing and Storage Laboratory
Power and Machinery Laboratory
Soil and Water Laboratory
Machinery Maintenance Bay
Tillage and Traction Laboratory
Tractor and Machinery Shed
Other shared Laboratories are located in Block 7 and 9. These include:
Wood Workshop Laboratory;
Mechanics of Material Laboratory; and
In addition, there are University Central Research Laboratory, University Central Workshop, Drawing Studio and Faculty Computer Laboratory.
(i) Unified Tertiary Matriculations (UTME) Candidates:
UTME candidates are required to obtain “O” Level credits in five subjects which should include Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and English Language.
(ii) Direct Entry (DE) Candidates into 200 Level:
In addition to (i) above DE candidates are required to have A-Level/IJMB or approved equivalent pass in Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry or a National Diploma in Agricultural Engineering or a relevant Engineering discipline at distinction or Upper Credit level from a recognized Polytechnic or College of Technology plus at least one year post ND experience.
(ii) Direct Entry (DE) Candidates into 300 Level:
In addition to (i) above DE candidates in this category are required to possess a Higher National Diploma (HND) in Agricultural Engineering or a relevant Engineering Discipline, at distinction or Upper Credit level from a recognized Polytechnic or College of Technology.
DURATION OF THE PROGRAMME
The department operates an academic programme which leads to a Bachelor of Engineering (B. Eng.) degree at a duration of five academic sessions for students who gain admission through UME/UTME; four academic sessions for students who come in as Direct Entry with A-Level/IJMB or approved equivalent; and three academic sessions for students who come in as Direct Entry with a Higher National Diploma (HND) in Agricultural Engineering or a relevant Engineeering Discipline, at distinction or Upper Credit level from a recognized polytechnic or College of Technology.
The five-year programme is broken into nine semesters of residence and one industrial attachment. Each semester is usually fiteen teaching weeks long and instruction is by courses quantified into course credits. Lectures, tutorials, practical sessions and projects are organized during each semester and every student in the programme is expected to participate fully since the grading system reflects each aspect.
In line with the Millennium Development Goal, the proposed Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering undergraduate programme focuses its attention on six main areas which include:
i. Power and Machinery Engineering
ii. Soil and Water Engineering
iii. Processing and Storage Engineering
iv. Structures and Environmental Engineering
v. Food and Bioprocess Engineering
vi. Aquacultural Engineering
The Industrial Training aspect of the programme is divided into four parts. The first part is the Students’ Work Experience Programme (SWEP) which is held at the end of 200-Level just during the end of session break in the Faculty’s workshop practice and have a “hand-on” experience of practical engineering. This serves as a channel for integrating in-house entrepreneur development and skill into our programme.
The tree other parts of the Industrial Training expose the students to real-life situations in engineering or related establishments within and outside the country.
BRIEF PROFILE OF THE HEAD OF DEPARTMENT
Dr. K.A. Adeniran is holder B.Sc (Ibadan, 1986), M.Sc. (Ibadan, 1988) and PhD. (Ibadan, 1998) in Agricultural Engineering (Soil and Water Conservation Option).
- His areas of interest include Drainage Engineering, Irrigation Engineering, Water Resources Engineering and Environmental Engineering.
- Dr. K.A. Adeniran is at present a Reader with the Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, University of Ilorin, Ilorin.
- Dr. K.A. Adeniran has well over 60 papers in reputable journals and Conference proceedings.
- Dr. K.A. Adeniran is a Registered Engineer with the Council for the Regulation of Engineering in Nigeria (COREN). (R5517):-October 1993.
(6) Dr. K.A. Adeniran is a Corporate Member of about Nine (9) professional bodies, which include:
(i) Nigerian Society of Engineers:- Corporate Member (M05662)
(ii) Nigerian Institution of Agricultural Engineers:-Corporate Member (M256)
(iii) American Society of Agricultural Engineers:-Member (M1033624).
(iv) International Soil Tillage Research Organisation:-Corporate Member (MINSTRO No. 593).
(v) Environmental Protection Society of Nigeria-Member.
(vi) Nigerian Committee on Irrigation and Drainage:-Member.
- International Society of Food and Agricultural Engineering (ISFAE), Finland:-Member.
- Nigerian Association of Hydrological Sciences (NHAS):-Member.